Wood in modern garden design

wooden pergola

The composition of a garden is not defined only by its plants every year, perennials, shrubs and trees. The architecture and the different elements built in or near a garden often give the much stronger elements of the space, and at the same time they serve as a backdrop, they also define the garden and the space itself. Wooden constructions in the garden change widely and are frequently several of the much simpler and more entertaining elements to integrate into the design of your garden or garden.

wooden bridge

In recent times, found and aged elements have reappeared as focal points and at the moment it is in trend to combine much older materials with modern elements.

wooden fences

There are spectacular items online for DIY projects that integrate simple designs or found items. One of our favorite projects is the simple conversion of a scrap wood interface into a modern looking vertical garden for plants every year, herbs or even a plurality of vegetables. By using the slat spaces to make hanging bags, the plants have the possibility to be set horizontally and then the interface is lifted and affirmed vertically.

wooden floor

We use this as a sample case primarily due to the fact that it is a clearly unique and creative way, as well as an easy way to reuse a wood factor and also incorporate it into the garden. Our desire in writing this product is to open your head and encourage your creative spirit to think freshly about your garden and create a design for wooden buildings and focal points in your garden.

garden with wooden fence

You can use these three main common shapes as your starting point for much more creative wood elements:


wooden trellises

A trellis is used to maintain climbing plants and can be fixed to an architectural factor or be without dependency in the garden. Trellis are often duplicated as ‘sculptural elements’ in the garden and various creative designs have been made with metal that go well beyond what can be achieved with wood. Various simple designs have the ability to be easily made by one owner. Use a trellis to make a vertical way in a lower plant bed as a focal point. See how a fantastic fast growing vine makes its appearance and is then rewarded with fresh models in the middle of your bed on an annual or perennial basis! Living and edible statues await you this year with a trellis!

wooden gazebos

Gazebos form a gate and arch for your climbing plants to cross a path or mark an entrance or exit to a garden. Entrepreneurship and typical rounded gazebos take a lot of wood-making capacity, but straight curbs are a bit much simpler. Certain nice designs integrate benches between the 2 sides in their design. Basic arbors have only 2 posts, while much wider designs have 4 posts with sides and trellis work between them.

garden designs

The gazebos are ideal for making “rooms” in a garden, for hanging doors to complement fences, and for making a heavenly corridor of flowers and aroma to walk when your climber is in bloom. An easy and creative tree can be created by mixing 2 unique curved branches or logs from a small tree (securing them together at the top and digging the bases into the ground at the base). It has a rustic feel and will last for a few seasons, giving your flower vine a unique space to spread out on your bed!

Garden design

Pergolas generally have 4 posts and are huge enough to make stool spaces for several people under them. There are a plurality of designs ranging from curved faces and arches to multiple piled-up layers of wood slat or trellis work. Each and every one of the pergola designs are in an open format so that certain light filters pass through and, depending on what has been planted in them, are transformed into just a mass of vines that creates a total shade or is you can prune and hold to make a light shade. At this time there are free systems to arrange on or under the pergolas to protect you and your outdoor furniture from the rain and sun with outdoor tarps. The systems are partially expensive, but they give the space much more occupancy as a real shelter. Adding a pergola to your overall garden is an essential investment. Pre-built kits or assemblies are typically in the spare $ 1,000 range, and custom-installed pergolas often cost a whopping multiple of euros, if not much more, for elaborate designs. A pergola will launch an entire area of ​​a garden and make it much more pleasant as a space to socialize or relax.

garden designs with pergola

We are occasionally asked what is the difference between a ramada and a pergola. Although the term «ramada» is less used in our area, it is more prevalent in the Southwest, and also historically it was an easy, roofed composition with no walls built for shade throughout harvest times. At this time the term is used as a general rule for a roofed but open composition in the garden, and is sometimes confused or used as a replacement for a pergola, but technically a pergola is an open lattice design and a ramada is a roofed design. fully covered. The two constructions generally have posts and at least three free sides. This is the convenient place to name the gazebo, which is a completely covered and walled composition, usually with a door or group of doors that serves as your completely open-air room in the garden.

modern garden designs

Whether you simply create an attractive line and easy trellis in your garden by planting a succession of rustic branches or poles, or you decide to create an entire outdoor room to enjoy with your friends in your garden, you will not be disappointed by the active that the garden composition brings to your landscape. You can play with the shapes that wooden buildings bring to your planting beds in many unique ways. Wood lines will establish framed views and unleash the fragile and brutally organic shapes of your plantations!

garden designs with wooden elements

Pressure-treated lumber, generally labeled CCAC, is chemically treated pine or spruce. It is correct for posts but generally should not be used for trellis or slats, as it bends quite a bit (this can be exceeded in sturdy designs with multiple attachment points). The useful life fluctuates between 15 and 25 years.

gardens with wooden elements

Cedar (there are many varieties of this material with different price levels) is the most frequent and accessible natural rot-resistant wood used in garden constructions. It comes oven dried and holds its shape really well. It does not disfigure like pressure-treated wood, which is why it is suitable for trellises, pergolas and pergolas that have mostly free designs. Do not use cedar for posts sunk into the ground unless you cover them above ground level (a deck tar is the best option for this), cedar rots quickly in contact with the ground. For the posts, it is preferable to use pressure-treated wood and wrap them with a set of cedar boards. In this way it achieves resistance to rotting under the ground with the beauty of cedar on the ground. The useful life is generally between 8 and 15 years.

Other materials

gardens with wooden fences

Tropical hardwoods like Ipe and Teak are also used fairly consistently for taller and much more permanent outdoor work. The shelf life of these materials is Leftover 25 years with convenient care.

gardens with wooden beds

Tall planters are fairly simple to create, even much simpler to hold, and they offer countless benefits for your garden! Now, we show you how to create a raised garden bed in your backyard, as well as tips on how to use the right wood and flooring. Whether you buy a kit or build your own, there are some good causes for raised bed gardening, which we highlight now.

What is a raised garden bed?

raised wooden beds

A raised garden bed is a huge planting container that is above ground and is filled with soil and plants. It is a box with no bottom or top, anyway, a frame that is placed in a sunny space full of quality soil, to become a central part of the garden.

The high beds in the garden have several benefits. Here are some reasons why you should consider using one:

garden designs with raised wooden beds

The efficiency of the plants is optimized thanks to better drainage and a much deeper rooting.

Loft beds are special for small spaces where a typical row garden can be quite wild and difficult to drive.

Planting in a raised bed gives you full control over the quality and content of the soil, which is uniquely essential in areas where the existing soil is rocky or nutrient poor.

High beds allow for a much longer growing season, as you can work the soil much more quickly in the spring in freeze-brutalized areas, or transform the bed into a cold frame in the fall.

Fewer weeds are seen in high beds because the bed is distanced from surrounding weeds and filled with soil free of pathologies and weeds.

Tall beds make for a much simpler square-plan gardening and complementary planting.

Best wood for high beds

    gardens with raised wooden beds

Quite a few people are concerned about the safety of their wooden frame. First of all, be assured that CCA pressure treated wood is prohibited as it is known to leach arsenic. To ensure that the wood lasts, there are multiple options:

    gardens with wooden planters

The regular pressure-treated wood sold today has a mix of chemical patterns applied to keep it from rotting in wet soil and time. While pressure-treated wood is certified safe for organic cultivation, several people have reservations about its use and there are multiple green choices.

wooden planters

Choosing much thicker boards can make the wood last much longer. As an example, locally sourced larch 2 inches thick should last 10 years, even without regimen. Avoid using railway sleepers, as they have the potential to be treated with creosote, which is toxic.

Beds size

Diy wooden planters

First, you need a level location and get the right amount of sunlight (6 to 8 hours a day).

In terms of bed size, 4 feet is a common width. Wood is often cut in 4-foot increments, and you also want to be able to enter the garden without bedding. Making the bed quite wide will make it difficult to get to the center, which makes weeding and harvesting a bad thing.

The length is not so essential. Typical plots are usually 4 feet wide by 8 feet long or 4 feet wide by 12 feet long.

Diy planters

The depth of the bed can change, but six inches of floor space is a minimum. Plants require at least a 6-12 inch rooting region, so 12 inches is ideal.

Before detailing the bed, break up and loosen the soil underneath with a garden fork so that it does not compact. Go 6 to 8 inches deep. For improved rooting, some gardeners like to remove the top cover (around the depth of a shovel), dig another cover, and then return the top cover and combine the soil layers.

Steps for construction

Diy wooden planters in the garden

To support wooden beds, put wooden stakes in each and every corner (and every few feet for much longer beds). Put inside the bed so that the stakes are less noticeable.

Drive the stakes about 60% (2 feet) into the ground and leave the rest of the stakes exposed on the ground.

Make sure the stakes are level so that they are in the ground at exactly the same height, or you will have uneven beds.

Make boards much lower a few inches below ground level. Check that they are level.

Use galvanized nails (or screws) to attach the boards to the stakes.

Add auxiliary rows of boards, attaching them to the stakes as well.

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